How to Study and Developing Study Skills

Study skills refer to the ability to read, memorize and retain class portions, text book content and other study materials. Developing study skills depend on individual’s capability, grasping power, interests, environment and self discipline. Here are some methods to develop study skills and hone them better with few useful techniques.

1. Visualization

This method refers to seeing imagery through the mind on what has been taught, including block diagrams, pictures, matching real world objects with the concepts read. It also develops your creativity, imagination and cognitive skills.

2. Group Study

Joining a study group on few topics lets members to share and collaborate among others. The study materials can be divided for individual preparations, which then can be delivered as a short session or flash cards to other members in the study group. This is one of the most common study methods.

3. Writing what you read

Writing whatever you have just read immediately helps to retain the fresh knowledge and also boost your confidence in the exam. Apart from that, you can train yourself to be patient to really absorb the knowledge through hard work and also improve written communication skills.

4. Learning by doing

This is one best form of developing a study skill – doing things practically based on what one read in the text book although it may not be possible to experiment or implement everything practically. One has to develop the habit of experiencing them practically if there any opportunity exists. For example, college lab exercises, applying them on real world situations.

5. Flash cards

This is the most common method of keeping tab of topics read. It is done through a small post card where key words are noted down for quick reference. Majority of the students keep them handy instead of keeping complete notes or text books. This helps in developing hints to the topics and improvising the whole content from the keywords.

6. Mind maps

It is the best technique to relate topics and associate links among them. Mind map is a powerful tool which follows a tree or hierarchical structure to a particular topic. It is also a great brainstorming method to generate more ideas for essay writing, comprehension, and critical thinking. It sharpens the thought process by looking at various perspectives to the subject.

7. Group discussion and quizzes

Revise the topics through a group discussion with friends to further improve your memory. It is better to allot 30 minutes of time for discussion and clarifications. To make it more interesting, conduct small quizzes through rapid fire rounds, puzzles and other form of investigative learning. This also builds communication and social skills.

8. Relaxation methods

It is vital to keep a healthy mind and body. Taking breaks and rests for 10-15 minutes between studies keeps the mind relaxed. It is recommended to have a minimum of seven hours sound sleep. It rejuvenates both body and mind. The mental pressure can be released by playing sports, doing work outs and spending quality time with family and friends. Practicing meditation, deep breathing exercises and yoga are great methods to improving concentration and focus.

In summary, study skills are both innate and acquired by nature. They may vary across individuals but several common and working practices can be derived and applied by all students to hone and improvise their existing skills.

American Goldfinch, Attracting and Feeding this Brilliant Bird

Birdwatching has become one of America’s favorite pastimes. Along with watching birds, the natural tendency is to start attracting the birds you want to watch. To attract birds is easy. To attract the birds you want takes more effort and planning. The correct cover, feeders, water supply and your own dedication will make or break your success in attracting certain birds.

Goldfinches, lets discuss attracting this small colorful favorite of birders everywhere. First a story. A friend called stating she had not had a goldfinch in two or three years while our feeders were being emptied by hungry throngs of flashing yellow Goldfinches on a daily basis. Naturally I had to see why. She had feeders, water, and appropriate cover. Her thistle feeder was full of this favorite food for finches. Yet, there were no finches of any kind. We took down the feeder. Examination of the seeds revealed old, moldy, and even sprouting seeds. No wonder there were no finches! We dumped the seeds, cleaned the feeder with soap and water, dried, and refilled with fresh seeds. Two days later she had finches.

The story is a lesson in the right and wrong way to feed any bird, not just finches. Always be aware of what you present as food. Finches and other songbirds will shy away from your feeders if the seeds are not kept safe for them to eat. Check your feeders often and especially after rainfall to avoid moldy seeds that could sicken your birds.

Goldfinches can be attracted to virtually any backyard. Most successful is to supply thistle or nyjer seeds in a thistle / nyjer feeder designed for use with these small seeds. Thistle “socks” are also available. The Goldfinch will pull the seeds through the material. While thistle seeds are a favorite of finches, other birds aren’t as fond of these seeds, so the tiny finch does not compete with larger birds for these seeds. Place your feeders in the open but close enough to cover that the finches can dart to safety. When first attracted to your feeders these will be very wary and shy birds. Any movement sends them scurrying to safety. After a while many will learn to tolerate your presence as long as you move slowly and don’t get too close. A shallow fresh water supply should also be nearby, again close enough to cover that these birds feel safe.

These are the basics. Just be patient, consistent, and diligent. This includes keeping the feeders full and keeping the feeders clean. One trick we use, as long as the seeds are not wet, is to pour unused seeds into our seed container and mix them with fresh seeds. We do this each morning as we fill our feeders. Another ideal situation is to hang other feeders nearby with black oil sunflower seeds. We find goldfinches flock to these feeders also, both tube and platform feeders. Thistle remains the main food of choice, but we find several finches taking the sunflower seeds as well.

There you have it. Get started with a good quality feeder and fresh seed and you should be enjoying these colorful birds in no time. Feeders for finches range from the socks above to whopping 36 inch feeders with spiral perches. These feeders will accommodate up to 24 feeding birds at a time with room for several more on these spirals. We recommend polycarbonate feeders. The tubes remain clear allowing the finches to find the thistle quicker. Pay us a visit at [] and check out this 36 inch spiral finch feeder.

5 Facts About the French Culinary Institute

The French Culinary Institute offers various part-time/full time culinary courses. FCI is reckoned among the topmost community of culinary schools in our country, and received “The Award of Excellence for Vocational Cooking School” in April 2006, from the International Association of Culinary Professionals (IACP).

Here are five interesting facts about the exciting experience of being at FCI. You can hone your craft and shape your dreams with the intense training program of FCI.

  1. Top-class international chefs and food experts take both day and night classes which are intense and small with 12 students per batch and makes your training exciting, fast and more intense. These inspiring instructors comment, support and correct you at every step giving you their total attention.
  2. Their new ‘Total Immersion’ approach, ensures that you learn the maximum in 6 to 9 months, after which you graduate as fully-trained chefs. FCI also provides you with powerful professionals of world’s high raking restaurants who hire fresh and creative talent either internship or even full-time positions.
  3. Learn from the legends themselves as the curriculum is designed by famous chefs of the world, for instance, Alain Sailhac, Andre Soltner, Jacques Pepin, Cesare Casella, Jacques Torres, and Alan Richman.
  4. Now students can also live in New York with several secure and beautiful low-cost housing options available near The FCI. The housing options include Roosevelt Island apartments and EHS Clark of Brooklyn Heights and various other apartments in New York City. The apartments are available on first come first served basis. Many of these places are just a subway ride away from the FCI.
  5. The French Culinary Institute is accredited by the Accrediting Commission of Career Schools and Colleges of Technology (ACCSCT). Students may obtain information regarding availability of comparable programs, including tuition, fees, and program length from the ACCSCT.

With these 5 interesting facts about the French Culinary Institute, you can certainly count on having an intense and knowledge gaining experience while learning your culinary arts at this institute.

The Truth About Bottled Spring Water vs Purified Water

Spring Water – The Truth

Spring water bottled water companies are very good about manipulating the image of their water and hiding the truth about purity.

Images about bubbling mountain springs, fresh water glacier run off, frothy fresh water streams and other scenes that imply purity are nothing more than hype and spin that would make even the most seasoned politician blush.

There is a wealth of information about spring water that the public should know:

· Spring waters fluctuate in quality because the aquifers from which they emanate are constantly in a state of change.

· Spring water companies rarely talk about “purity” rather they keep referring to “natural” inferring that “natural “means “healthy”. Polluted rivers and streams are “natural” but clearly not healthy.

· If a spring water company does claim to be 100% pure, that statement is misleading. The fact is that the “100% pure” refers not to the absence of impurities in the water, but to the source of the water itself. That is, 100% of the water in the bottle came from an underground source (i.e. a spring), rather than from a surface water source.

· Spring water companies claim that their springs are “protected” but this tern needs further definition. The springs are not protected from contamination like acid rain, industrial pollution (TCE, Benzene, Perchlorinate, MTBE, Teflon PFOA, nitrates, fertilizers and a host of other pollutants.) The springs are only protected against unwanted visitors.

· If it is processed it is usually only filtered to remove large particles.

· Many springs produce water that contain so many impurities the water will not even meet municipal tap water standards.

· Most spring water bottlers avoid issuing bottled water analysis reports because of the significant contamination that these reports would show.

· Most companies do not bottle at the source instead trucking the water to market.

Purified Water-The Truth

Purified water is water that is processed usually by a steam distillation/oxygenation process that is regulated and tested by the Food and Drug Administration of the Federal Government. The standards are the toughest in the industry – in order to qualify as “purified water” the water must test 99.9% pure.

· Purified water represents the fastest growing segment of the bottled water industry mainly because it’s purer than other types of waters. There is a definite health trend today toward healthy living and many health conscious consumers buy because they want something that’s of a higher quality and purity than other options like tap water.

· To meet the legal definition of “purified water”, water impurities must be removed to meet the U.S. Pharmacopeia definition (99.9% pure) adopted by the Food and Drug Administration.

· Purified water must be tested and the results made available to the public. Any reputable purified bottled water supplier will produce testing reports upon request.

· The most effective process for purification of water is a steam distillation/ozonation process that creates pure, good tasting water. It produces water that is 100% water and 0% everything else.

· Purified water suppliers have their water tested at regular intervals and the tests are available upon request. Unlike spring water companies, purified water companies are happy to share their test results.

When you compare purified water against spring water the truth is revealed: If you want water that contains contaminants, is based upon hype, word parsing and marketing exaggeration – then drink spring water. If you want to drink water that is 100% pure and provides a healthy lifestyle for you and your family – drink purified water.

How To Become a Certified Dental Assistant

Working as a dental assistant is one of the best options for those who are looking for entry level jobs that pay well. It also does not require any formal training or work experience. That is why being a dental assistant is also ideal for those who are fresh out of high school and those who are working their way through college. In fact, many professionals in this field receive on the job training. The duties and tasks are quite simple and straightforward. They do not require special skills or knowledge in order to be properly performed. However, there are some functions that are more advanced and complicated which can be executed only by a certified dental assistant as these tasks cannot be performed by those who have inadequate experience or have not undergone any formal training. Because these functions cannot be performed by just anyone, you can expect to get paid a higher salary if you are certified.

How does one become a certified dental assistant? There are two ways to get a license. One method is by completing a training program and the other method is by having the minimum required work experience. Either method will qualify you to take the licensing exam which is administered by the DANB or the Dental Assisting National Board. Passing the said exam will earn you the certificate and will make you a certified dental assistant.

If you decide to get formal training, you will find that there are many schools that offer certificate or diploma courses. You can search the internet for information about the different schools and their curriculum. Some schools offer clinical practice aside from classroom lectures and laboratory work. Find a program that suits your schedule especially if you are working part-time.

If you would rather not go to school, you can qualify for the credentials by working full-time as a dental assistant for at least two years or by working part-time for at least four years.

Enrolling in a training program has many advantages. The program trains students how to properly assist dentists when doing a procedure by handing over the right dental instruments. Students are also taught the right way of using the dental suction, how to perform Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), radiography or dental x-ray, crown removal, polishing coronal surfaces, removing teeth stains and other advanced procedures and functions. The program also includes the improvement of administrative skills and, more importantly, interpersonal skills. After all, dental assistants are also tasked to greet and interview patients and to make them comfortable and less anxious. Also, a formal training will open doors to other career opportunities in the fields of education, office administration and even in health insurance.

Getting certified is very important even if it is not a requirement. Being a certified dental assistant can make you more qualified and will allow you to choose from more job offers and more competitive employment terms.